FM/MOD

( d1 n1 -- n2 n3 )

Divide d1 by n1, giving the floored quotient n3 and the remainder n2. Input and output stack arguments are signed. An ambiguous condition exists if n1 is zero or if the quotient lies outside the range of a single-cell signed integer.

See:

Rationale:

By introducing the requirement for "floored" division, Forth 83 produced much controversy and concern on the part of those who preferred the more common practice followed in other languages of implementing division according to the behavior of the host CPU, which is most often symmetric (rounded toward zero). In attempting to find a compromise position, this standard provides primitives for both common varieties, floored and symmetric (see SM/REM). FM/MOD is the floored version.

The committee considered providing two complete sets of explicitly named division operators, and declined to do so on the grounds that this would unduly enlarge and complicate the standard. Instead, implementors may define the normal division words in terms of either FM/MOD or SM/REM providing they document their choice. People wishing to have explicitly named sets of operators are encouraged to do so. FM/MOD may be used, for example, to define:

: /_MOD ( n1 n2 -- n3 n4) >R S>D R> FM/MOD ;

: /_ ( n1 n2 -- n3) /_MOD SWAP DROP ;

: _MOD ( n1 n2 -- n3) /_MOD DROP ;

: */_MOD ( n1 n2 n3 -- n4 n5) >R M* R> FM/MOD ;

: */_ ( n1 n2 n3 -- n4 ) */_MOD SWAP DROP ;

Testing:

T{       0 S>D              1 FM/MOD ->  0       0 }T
T{       1 S>D              1 FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{       2 S>D              1 FM/MOD ->  0       2 }T
T{      -1 S>D              1 FM/MOD ->  0      -1 }T
T{      -2 S>D              1 FM/MOD ->  0      -2 }T
T{       0 S>D             -1 FM/MOD ->  0       0 }T
T{       1 S>D             -1 FM/MOD ->  0      -1 }T
T{       2 S>D             -1 FM/MOD ->  0      -2 }T
T{      -1 S>D             -1 FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{      -2 S>D             -1 FM/MOD ->  0       2 }T
T{       2 S>D              2 FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{      -1 S>D             -1 FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{      -2 S>D             -2 FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{       7 S>D              3 FM/MOD ->  1       2 }T
T{       7 S>D             -3 FM/MOD -> -2      -3 }T
T{      -7 S>D              3 FM/MOD ->  2      -3 }T
T{      -7 S>D             -3 FM/MOD -> -1       2 }T
T{ MAX-INT S>D              1 FM/MOD ->  0 MAX-INT }T
T{ MIN-INT S>D              1 FM/MOD ->  0 MIN-INT }T
T{ MAX-INT S>D        MAX-INT FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{ MIN-INT S>D        MIN-INT FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{    1S 1                  4 FM/MOD ->  3 MAX-INT }T
T{       1 MIN-INT M*       1 FM/MOD ->  0 MIN-INT }T
T{       1 MIN-INT M* MIN-INT FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{       2 MIN-INT M*       2 FM/MOD ->  0 MIN-INT }T
T{       2 MIN-INT M* MIN-INT FM/MOD ->  0       2 }T
T{       1 MAX-INT M*       1 FM/MOD ->  0 MAX-INT }T
T{       1 MAX-INT M* MAX-INT FM/MOD ->  0       1 }T
T{       2 MAX-INT M*       2 FM/MOD ->  0 MAX-INT }T
T{       2 MAX-INT M* MAX-INT FM/MOD ->  0       2 }T
T{ MIN-INT MIN-INT M* MIN-INT FM/MOD ->  0 MIN-INT }T
T{ MIN-INT MAX-INT M* MIN-INT FM/MOD ->  0 MAX-INT }T
T{ MIN-INT MAX-INT M* MAX-INT FM/MOD ->  0 MIN-INT }T
T{ MAX-INT MAX-INT M* MAX-INT FM/MOD ->  0 MAX-INT }T

ContributeContributions